All research paper must have references since they support the material offered in the document with proof and authority. There are various reference kinds that can be used into a research paper, and each has a distinct style and format. The most typical sorts of references of research paper, such as those from books, journals, websites, and other sources, will be covered in this blog.

references of research paper


Books are a common source of information for research papers, particularly when background knowledge, historical context, or theoretical underpinnings are required. The author(s), title, edition, location of publishing, and publisher all should be mentioned when citing a book. For instance:

Smith, J. (2015). The History of Mathematics. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press.


Journals are another common source of references of research papers, especially for current and relevant research in the field. When citing a journal article, the following information is typically included: author(s), title of the article, title of the journal, volume number, issue number, page numbers, and DOI (digital object identifier) or URL. For example:

Jones, R., & Lee, S. (2018). The Impact of Social Media on Marketing Strategies. Journal of Marketing, 22(3), 45-56.


More and more people are using websites as reference materials for research papers, particularly for current and pertinent information. The following details should normally be given when citing a website: author(s), title of the page or article, website name, URL, and date accessed. For example:

Pew Research Center. (2022). Internet/Broadband Fact Sheet. Retrieved from

Other sources

Reports, conference proceedings, government records, and personal communications are just a few of the many other sorts of sources that can be cited in research articles. Depending on the type of source, different information should be supplied when crediting various sources. For instance:


National Cancer Institute. (2021). Cancer Statistics. Retrieved from

Conference proceedings:

Smith, J., & Lee, S. (2020). The Future of Artificial Intelligence. Proceedings of the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 12-18.

Government document:

U.S. Department of Education. (2019). Digest of Education Statistics. Retrieved from


In conclusion, references are a crucial component of every research article since they lend authority and support to the claims and hypotheses made therein. Provide correct and current information when citing references, and be sure you adhere to the unique rules for each category of source. Researchers can improve the validity and dependability of their work and add to the body of knowledge in their field by selecting and referencing sources with care.++

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *